Ahmet Bican Ercilasun – Başlangıçtan Yirminci Yüzyıla Türk Dili Tarihi SÖZ BAŞI relating Korean to Japanese adlı makalesi (Language) Japoncanın bir Altay. The Place of Turkish among The World Languages Ahmet Bican Ercilasun* 1 .. Ercilasun, Ahmet B., “Askerlikte Onlu Sisteme Türklerin Katkıları”, Makaleler. 23 Ahmet Rasim, Muhtasar Sarf-ı Türkî, Artin Asaduryan Matbaası, İstanbul, , s. ERCİLASUN Ahmet Bican, Türk Gramerinin Sorunları Toplantısı, TDK.

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Ahmet Bican Ercilasun – Başlangıçtan Yirminci Yüzyıla Türk Dili Tarihi – PDF

According to this theory Turkish belongs to Altay family which is under the Eurasiatic macro-family. This wide meaning amhet a population close to million people.

There are also some ahmwt characteristics. In Turkish noun and verb roots are different words. There are a lot of languages which are unrelated with each other and are classified as agglutinating languages.

Relations between the words are made by the word endings or post-positional words. In this paper, I used the term Turkish with its wide meaning. Syllables cannot end with a consonant in some languages such as Chinese, Japanese and some Native American languages.

There are some of criteria in this classification. Another advocate of the Nostratik theory is Aharon Dolgopolsky and he includes Eskimo-Aleut family instead of Ercilasin family Greenberg There is not an article in Turkish in contrast to Semitic languages and most of the Indo-European languages. Now, let me give some phonetic characteristics: The question which has the answer of yes or no is formed by the ending -mi in Turkish.


In he became an assistant on the Faculty of Arts at Ataturk University. Turkish has makalekeri vowel ahjet. Greenberg in the USA during s. Akcag, Ankara, ; Another criterion in typological classification is the word order. Turkish as well as most of the world languages has both open and close syllables. Altaic languages are agglutinating languages, including Turkish. However, his Works were published in and Deniz, Istambul, In agglutinating languages, words are formulated by adding the morphemes with mkaaleleri other.

Consonants in a word form a syllable with a vowel which comes afterwards. Tones in the words have the characteristic of differentiating the meaning. Grammar, Stanford, ; Volume 2. The number system is based on twenty in some of the Caucasian languages and Bask language.

There are six different types of languages according to their word order: There is a tone system which has been fully developed. Words are formulated from the egcilasun in the root vowels. Other Altay languages have the same order, too. This can be explained as internal change. On the other hand, Indo- European and Semitic languages are pre-positional languages. The relations between the words also depend on endings. There are fewer languages in other types.

One more criterion in typological classification is the order in the adjective and noun compounds. For example the word a-ra-da-ki intermediate cannot be separated as ar-ad-ak-i.


According to these developments, all humanity can be considered as the descendants of one common ancestor. These families are considered as the members of the Nostratic macro-family. Merritt Ruhlen, student of Greenberg and John D. Ancient Chinese also has this order.

ahmet bican ercilasun makaleleri pdf files

Bask, Swahili, Cheyenne, Cherokee, Zulu. According to this criteria world languages are classified under three different types: In —he served as Director of the Turkish Linguistic Society. There are some consonants that cannot be found in the ending both in Turkey and in some other dialects: For example, the English word, sing, has a change in its vowel sound in sang and sung forms.

This meaning denotes a population more than 70 million. New words can also be formulated by combining different words. Turkish is ercilasuh SOV language.

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According to this theory, Turkish was a far relative to Ural languages such as Hungarian and Finnish. It is formed by accusative in the objects. In genetic classification Altay, Ural-Altay, Nostratic and Eurasiatic theories are consid- ered and the relationship between the Turkish and other languag- es are analyzed.