A volvelle or wheel chart is a type of slide chart, a paper construction with rotating parts. It is considered an early example of a paper analog computer. Volvelles have been produced to accommodate organization and calculation in many diverse subjects. Early examples of volvelles are found in the pages of astronomy books. A sixteenth-century wheel chart, a page of. Astronomicum Caesareum [Ingolstadt, ]. ROSENWALD COLLECTION The “Emperor’s Astronomy” from the private press of Petrus Apianus is one of. In this edition of Treasures of the RAS, Librarian Jenny Higham introduces Astronomicum Caesareum by Peter Apian. This gorgeously coloured book was.

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Medias this blog was made to help people to easily download or read PDF files. Although he neglected his teaching duties, the university evidently was proud to host such an esteemed scientist. For example, the volvelle on the right, adorned with a many-headed dragon, can be rotated to predict solar eclipses, while its intricate counterpart on the left makes it possible to forecast full and partial eclipses of the moon.

This image comes from Gallica Digital Library and is available under the digital ID btv1b This tag does not indicate the copyright status caesareuk the attached work. Revue d’histoire cwesareum sciences in French. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use astroomical Privacy Policy. This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Although moving parts have not been included in its design, this section is not without interest, because it depicts for the first time the fact that comet tails point away from the sun.

See more objects with the tag communicationdragonsdecorativemeasuringtoolwritingbooksastronomyencyclopediccalculationknowledgesolarplanetssolar system. For example, caesafeum moving parts on folio [G5] conceal an entirely irrelevant base of an astrolabe, the fossil of a plan that was undoubtedly abandoned when Asrronomical realized how hard it caesareuk be to cut out all the lacelike paper structure required for its movable star chart.

Early Paper Astronomical Computers”.


Approximately copies survive, probably the majority of the copies printed, since it astronmoical unlikely that anyone would astgonomicum away such a fascinating volume. Categorically, they not only represent an unusually eclectic set of uses, but demonstrate, too, a remarkable range of stylistic, compositional, mechanical, wstronomical, and kinetic conceits.


Vom Astrolab zum mathematischen Besteck. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petrus Astromomicum. Production of the magnum opus must have taken the astronomer several years, for between and he published few other books.

There are volvelles that arrange their data peripherally, centrifugally, and radially; volvelles that use multiple concentric circles with pointers; and volvelles that benefit from the generous use of the die-cut, a particular technological hallmark of modern printing manufacture. Pena, Rothmann and Brahe, Summary”. The family was relatively well off, belonging to the middle-class citizenry of Leisnig. InPeter Apian was called to the University of Ingolstadt as a mathematician and printer.

Volvelle – Wikipedia

Apian’s work included in mathematics—in he published a variation of Pascal’s triangleand in a table of sines — as well as astronomy. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Cordiform maps of the 16th century”. Digitized and composed by H. Next Apianus turns astronomiczl two ancient eclipses, one reported by Plutarch in the year in which Darius was defeated by Alexander the Great and the other reported by Pliny in the second century B.

They would have caesarehm children together, aatronomical girls and nine sons, one of whom was Philipp Apian —who, in addition to his own research, preserved the legacy of his father. They would have 14 children together, five girls and nine sons, one of whom was Philipp Apian —who, in addition to his own research, preserved the legacy of his father.

Its dimensions are H x W x D closed: They can be traced back to “certain Arabic treatises on humoral medicine ” [2] and to the Persian astronomerAbu Rayhan Biruni c. This object may be subject to Copyright, loan conditions or other restrictions.

Astronomicum Cæsareum

Printed and bound decoratively, with about a known copies, [7] it included several volvelles that allowed users to calculate dates, the positions of constellations and so on. Inthe emperor made Apian an armigeri. This print shop was active between and and became well known caessreum its high-quality editions of geographic and cartographic works. Apianus caesareun not originally plan to have the two sets of lunar volvelles facing each other; at the back of the Rosenwald copy are cancel leaves for folios GII an GIII according to an earlier conception for this section of the book.


If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:. Wissenschaftliche Instrumente in ihrer Zeit. Journal for the History of Astronomy. Tycho Brahe records that he paid twenty florins for one, which would be roughly equivalent to 3, dollars. See our image rights statement.

You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Charles promised him a truly royal sum astronomicmu, golden guilders1 appointed him his court mathematician, and made him caesarfum Reichsritter a Free Imperial Knight and in even an Imperial Count Palatine.

The book took approximately 8 years to produce: Astronomische Gesellschaft Abstract Series. Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage.

Research Professor of Astronomy.

As a result of this magnificent volume, Emperor Charles V granted the professor a new coat of astrojomicum Apianus printed a replacement page, which is found in some of the copies. From to he studied at the University of Leipzig ; during this time, he Latinized his name to Apianus lat. If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template: It was published by McGraw-Hill.

Our curators have highlighted 2 objects that are related to this one. Apianus married the daughter of a councilman of Landshut, Katharina Mosner, in Early examples of volvelles are found in the pages of astronomy books. It was able to spend time at the museum on loan from Smithsonian Libraries as part of Tools: His print shop started small. Petrus Apianus April 16, — April 21,also known as Peter ApianPeter Bennewitzand Peter Bienewitz was a German humanistknown for his works in mathematicsastronomy and cartography.

We acquired this object.