The mfecane was partly caused by changes in the Nguni groups that resulted in the development of the Zulu nation. Stronger leaders began to. The causes of the mfecane were emerging by the end of the eighteenth century, when population levels increased rapidly, and ecological resources were. Mfecane: Mfecane, (Zulu: “The Crushing”) series of Zulu and other Nguni wars In South Africa itself the Mfecane caused immense suffering and devastated.

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The best study guides. Landmark Battles in the Rise to Western Power. With causees assistance, you can become well prepared and can avoid having to retake exams. Earn money and win an iPhone X.

First of all, the population explosion in the area of Southern Africa among the Nguni cauaes led to wars that opened the way for the Mfecane. With the study guides and notes written by fellow students, you are guaranteed to be properly prepared for your exams.

It resulted into increased slave trade as such attacks were used by slave traders to carry out raids for slaves it was common among the N goni. Going north and then inland westward along the watershed between the Vaal and the Limpopo rivers, Mzilikazi and his followers, the AmaNdebele, called Matebele in English established an Ndebele state northwest of the city of Pretoria.

Even in places that they encountered resistance from the local people, causew Mfecane had already weakened those Kingdoms and it became easy for the Boers to defeat the people and move into the interior. South Africa Table of Contents A combination of local factors–population growth, the depletion of natural resources, and devastating drought and famine–led to revolutionary changes in the political, economic, and social structure of Bantu-speaking communities in southern Africa in the first half of the nineteenth century.


The three powerful states that became involved in the Mfecane at the initial stages were the Ndwandwe led by Zwide, the Mthethwa led by Dingiswayo and the Ngwane led by Sobhuza and their expansionist ideas were ultimately crashed by Shaka the Zulu who in turn attained the biggest state in the region of Central and Southern Africa. Off Formation of an African State.

The Mfecane and Its Effects

History – World History – Modern History. Zwangendaba of the Mgecane or Gumbi clan son of Nonyanda ka Sguda Jele according to the information given by the original Gumbi clan of Kwazulu Natal and not kaHlatshwayo as stated by other researchers [ citation needed ]a commander of the Ndwandwe army, fled north with Soshangane after his defeat in He quickly made many enemies, not only with the Zulu king, but also with the BoersGriqua and Tswana.

InRhodes University professor Julian Cobbing advanced a different hypothesis on the rise of the Zulu state; he contended the accounts of the Mfecane were a self-serving, constructed product of apartheid politicians and historians. There were military causew like regimental system resulting into standing armies by most states 1 e.

Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Many of the Mthethwa leaders formed a confederation with the Zulu clan, under the leadership of Shaka.

Mzilikazi set up his new capital in Bulawayo. Which role does South Africa play in Africa? Major, Royal Artillery Mfecane led to the evolution of strong centralized governments I. But a lf of internal disputes and war against the Swazi caused the downfall of the Gaza kingdom.


Mvulane’s son Ngqengelele became Shaka’s induna and chief advisor. Please try again later. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.

Each new text counts as one lot! Theories vary as to the causes of the catastrophic warfare and migration of many ethnic groups in the area. Upload your own papers! This period of revolutionary change–known as the mfecane or crushing–see Glossary by the Zulu and the difaqane see Glossary by the Sotho–is also often referred to as “the time of troubles” see fig.

The existence of strong communities along side weak ones.

Mfecane – Wikipedia

Mfecanf oppressed the Tsonga people living there, some of whom fled over the Lebombo Mountains into the Northern Transvaal. Contact our editors with your feedback.

The Mfecane was set in motion by the rise of the Zulu military kingdom under Shaka c. The language now known as Zulu causfs spoken by the Ndwandwes. Eldredge also asserts that Cobbing downplays the importance of the ivory trade in Delagoa Bay, and the extent to which African groups and leaders sought to establish more centralised and complex state formations to control ivory routes and the wealth cquses with the trade.

The Natal Society Foundation 4: