A) Convenzione internazionale di Torremolinos del 2 aprile sulla . A. 38) Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite aperta alla firma a Montego Bay il The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), also called the Law of the Location, Montego Bay, Jamaica. Effective, 16 November United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). (Montego Bay, 10 December ). PREAMBLE. PART I. INTRODUCTION. Article 1. Use of terms.

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Required majority for decisions Article 9.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Protection of the marine environment Article Legal status Article Exemption from restrictions, regulations, hay and moratoria Article Every State shall issue to ships to which it has granted the right to fly its flag documents to that effect.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. This sovereignty is exercised subject to this Part. Article91 Nationality of ships 1. Article Cooperation of States in the conservation and management of living resources States shall cooperate with each other in the conservation and management of living resources in the areas of the high seas.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Obligation to settle disputes by peaceful means Article The Secretary-General shall give due publicity thereto. Any slave taking refuge on board any ship, whatever its flag, shall ipso facto be free.

The right of hot pursuit shall apply mutatis mutandis to violations in the exclusive economic zone or on the continental shelf, including safety zones around continental shelf installations, of the laws and regulations of the coastal State applicable in accordance with this Convention to the exclusive economic zone or the continental shelf, including such safety zones.

Duties of the flag State Article Retrieved from ” https: The natural resources referred to in this Part consist of the mineral convenziond other non-living resources of the seabed and subsoil together with living organisms belonging to sedentary species, that is to say, organisms which, at the harvestable stage, either are immobile on or under the seabed or are unable to move except in constant physical contact cinvenzione the seabed convensione the subsoil.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea – Wikipedia

When the harvesting capacity of a coastal State approaches a point which would enable it to harvest the entire allowable catch of the living resources in its exclusive economic zone, the coastal State and other States concerned shall cooperate in the establishment of equitable arrangements on a bilateral, subregional or regional basis to allow for participation of developing land-locked States of the same subregion or region in the exploitation of the living resources of the exclusive economic zones of coastal States of the subregion or region, as may be appropriate in the circumstances and on terms satisfactory to all parties.


Prohibition of the transport of slaves Article The criminal jurisdiction of the coastal State should not be exercised on board a foreign ship passing through the territorial sea to arrest any person or to conduct any investigation in connection with any crime committed on board the ship during its passage, save only in the following cases: Low-tide elevations Article Such baselines shall not be drawn to and from low-tide elevations, unless lighthouses or similar installations which are permanently above sea level have been built on them or where a low-tide elevation is situated wholly or partly at a distance not exceeding the breadth of the territorial sea from the nearest island.

Article97 Penal jurisdiction in matters of collision or any other incident of navigation 1. The coastal State shall give due publicity to such charts or lists of geographical coordinates and shall deposit a copy of each such chart or list with the Secretary-General of the United Nations and, in the case of those showing the outer limit lines of the continental shelf, with the Secretary-General of the Authority. Establishment of national centres. Nothing in this Part affects the right of the coastal State to establish conditions for cables or pipelines entering its territory or territorial sea, or its jurisdiction over cables and pipelines constructed or used in connection with the exploration of its continental shelf or exploitation of its resources or the operations of artificial islands, installations and structures under its jurisdiction.

Traffic in transit shall not be subject to any customs duties, taxes or other charges except charges levied for specific services rendered in connection with such traffic.

Meaning of passage Article Article19 Meaning of innocent passage 1. Subject to its right to take reasonable measures for the exploration of the continental shelf, the exploitation of its natural resources and the prevention, reduction and control of pollution from pipelines, the coastal State may not impede the laying or maintenance of such cables or pipelines.

A coastal State in whose waters catadromous species spend the greater part of their life cycle shall have responsibility for the management of these species and shall ensure the ingress and egress of migrating fish. Article31 Responsibility of the flag State for damage caused by a warship or other government ship operated for non-commercial purposes The flag State shall bear international responsibility for any loss or damage to the coastal State resulting from the non-compliance by a warship or other government ship operated for non-commercial purposes with the laws and regulations of the coastal State concerning passage through the territorial sea or with the provisions of this Convention or other rules of international law.


Studies, research programmes and exchange of information and data Article In cases where catadromous fish migrate through the exclusive economic zone of another State, whether as juvenile or maturing fish, the management, including harvesting, monteggo such fish shall be regulated by agreement between the State mentioned in paragraph 1 and the other State concerned. Status of ships Article The breadth of the safety zones shall be determined by the coastal State, taking into account applicable international standards.

Where the coastal State does not have the capacity to harvest the entire allowable catch, it shall, through agreements or other arrangements and pursuant to the terms, conditions, laws and regulations referred to in paragraph 4, give other States access to the surplus of the allowable catch, having particular bsy to the provisions of articles 69 and 70, especially in relation to the developing States mentioned therein.

The length of such baselines shall not exceed nautical miles, except that up convenzionw 3 per cent of the total number of baselines enclosing any archipelago may exceed that length, up to a maximum length of nautical miles.

In particular, in the application of this Convention or of any laws or regulations adopted in conformity with this Convention, the coastal State shall not: The pursuit may only be commenced after a visual or auditory signal to stop has been given at a distance which enables it to be seen or heard by the foreign ship.

Article54 Duties of ships and aircraft during their passage, research and survey activities, duties of the archipelagic State and laws and regulations of the archipelagic State relating to archipelagic sea lanes passage Articles 39, 40, 42 and mlntego apply mutatis mutandis to archipelagic sea lanes passage.