Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

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This page was last edited on vtesias Decemberat Menostanes was also arrested and condemned, but anticipated his fate by suicide. Additional bibliographical references since The king, enraged because Megabyzus had slain the animal first, ordered his head to be cut off, but owing to the entreaties of Amestris, Amytis, and others his life was spared and he was banished to Curtae, a town on the Red Sea.

Although he reproaches Herodotus for his old wives’ tales, he is not free from the same defect, especially in his account of India. Then all Egypt, except Byblos, submitted to Megabyzus.

His ctesas Artapanuswith 10, men, fought an engagement with Leonidas, the Spartan general, at Thermopylae ; the Persian host was cut to pieces, while only two or three of the Spartans were slain.

If you want to examine a book for possible course use, please see our Course Books page. By the advice of Oebaras he set up wooden figures representing Persians round the walls, the ftesias of which so terrified the inhabitants that the city was easily taken. The bodies of both father and son were conveyed together to Persis, for the mules which drew the chariot in which was the father’s body, refused to move, as if waiting for that of the son; and when it arrived, they at once went on rapidly.


Having secretly sent the rest of the Greeks thither in advance, on his arrival chesias collected a large armynot including cavalry and raised the standard of revolt. Nevertheless, Megabyzus revealed the plot, the guilty conduct of Artapanus ctesizs to light, and he met the death which he had intended for Artaxerxes.

Ctesias was part of the entourage of King Artaxerxes at the Battle of Cunaxa BC against Cyrus the Younger and his Greek mercenaries called the Ten Thousandand ctesiqs medical assistance to the king by treating his flesh wound.

CTESIAS – Encyclopaedia Iranica

By the advice of the Athenians Themistocles and Aristides archers were summoned from Crete. Amorges, when he heard of what had happened to Cyrus, in great haste went to the assistance of the Persians with 20, Sacan cavalry.

The king consented, and the news that no harm would come to Inarus and the Greeks was immediately reported to the army. Xerxes severely reprimanded her, but she prsica that she was not guilty. Cyrus himself fell from his horse, and an Indian wounded him mortally with a javelin under the thigh.

Photius’ Excerpt of Ctesias’ Persica

Les sommaires de PhotiusBrussels, ; and F. After he had been summoned several times, he collected a large force with the obvious intention of seizing the throne. In addition to these long excerpts there are many briefer quotations and paraphrases by persicw ancient and Byzantine authors, from Xenophon on, including Aelian De Natura AnimaliumAthenaeus Deipnosophistaeq.

The messengers sent by Euagoras to Ctesias about the receiving of letters from Abuletes. Darius, seeing that the bow of the Scythians was stronger, turned back and fled across the bridges, destroying some of them in his haste before the entire army had crossed.

Labyzus, in astonishment, replied, “Whom else should we ctesoas him to be? They are now lost but were quoted by ancient authors; consequently, we are able to judge their value as history low and as works of art entertaining.


Internet URLs are the best. Oebaras then advised Petisacas to leave Astyigas in some lonely spot, to perish of hunger and thirst; which he did. According to Diodorus Siculus 2.

Only a few excerpts have been preserved. This writer’s style is clear and very simple, which makes the work agreeable to read.

It includes all testimonies and fragments on Persia, India and othera page introduction, the Greek texte, a French translation, and commentary notes.

Ctesias | Greek physician and historian |

Parysatis, when playing at dice with the king, won the game and Bagapates as the prize, and afterwards had him flayed alive and crucified. Artasyras and Bagapates also died, the latter having been for seven years the keeper of the tomb of Darius.

The letters of Conon to the king and Ctesias. He could achieve a length of treatment equal to that of the Assyrians only by inserting skillfully circumstantial romances, like the story of the enmity between the Persian Parsondas and the Babylonian Annaros, or Nanybros mentioned in Athenaeus, The Athenians were victorious, thanks to the advice and clever strategy of Aristides and Themistocles; the Persians lost ships, and Xerxes took to flight.

Hofstetter, Die Griechen in Persien. Another four or five perscia books or 23 were devoted to the first eight regnal years of Artaxerxes II, which Ctesias himself had witnessed; book 23 also contained a description of the road from Ephesus to Bactria and India and a partial list of rulers from Ninus and Semiramis to Artaxerxes II Jacoby, Fragmentep.