FM 3-22.65 PDF

FM (FM ). BROWNING MACHINE GUN,. CALIBER HB, M2. MARCH HEADQUARTERS. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. DISTRIBUTION. M Cal FM study guide by pythonregius24 includes 14 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help. Start studying M CAL FM Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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FM – Appendix A – Machine Gun Employment « Infantry Drills

The method gm applying fire to a target is generally the same for either a single gun or a pair of guns. While firing, the gunners periodically check with the leader for instructions. Effective Beaten Zone A The following are commonly used signals for fire control: The sight picture has sight alignment and placement of the aiming point on the target. These guns are not as accurate when mounted on vehicles as they 33-22.65 when fired from the tripod-mounted system.

Machine gunners normally engage targets at the rapid rate to suppress the enemy quickly. The top of the front sight post is aligned on the center base of the target. Available M ammunition is classified as follows Table A The leader must use maximum cover and concealment to keep from disclosing the position or himself.

The gunners must be prepared to engage the entire target should the other gun go down.

He does this to fire instantly in case the other machine gun malfunctions or ceases fire before the target has been eliminated. When engaging other predetermined targets, the sustained rate ffm fire is also used unless a different rate is ordered.

Final Protective Line A In combat, the leader gives only the elements necessary to place fire on a target quickly and without confusion. Subsequent fire commands are used to make adjustments in direction and elevation, to change rates 3-222.65 fire after a fire mission is in progress, to interrupt fires, or to terminate the alert.


It can be frontal fire on an enemy column formation or flanking fire on an enemy line formation. Responsible for replacing them, if necessary. Surface danger zones Dm were developed for each weapon and are defined as the area in front, back, or side of the muzzle of the weapon that provides a danger to fk forces when the weapon is fired. This is the limit of troop safety. 32-2.65 can use overhead fire when there is sufficient low ground between the machine gun and the target area for the maneuver of friendly forces.

He also places them where they can take advantage of grazing enfilade fires, stand-off or maximum engagement range, and best observation of the target area. Maximum ordinate is the highest point above the line of sight the trajectory reaches between the fk of the weapon and the base of the target. A principal direction of fire PDF is assigned to a gunner to cover an area that has good fields of fire or has a likely dismounted avenue of approach.

Targets may be dense, wide, in close formations moving slowly toward or away 3-22.56 the gun, or vehicles or mounted troops moving across the front. Swinging traverse consumes a lot of ammunition and does not have a beaten zone because each round seeks its own area of impact. The M machine gun is organic to the Infantry 3-22.56 and provides rifle squads with a light automatic weapon for employment during assault Figure A Ffm may also use lasers in conjunction with night vision devices to designate a target to the gunner.

The range is given, so the gunner knows how far to look for the target and what range setting to put on the rear sight. Frontal fire and flanking fire. Standing Operating Procedures A Available MK 19 machine gun ammunition is classified as follows Table A This overcomes the tendency to fire high. He should also designate no-fire zones or restricted fire areas to others.


FM 3-22.65

If tripod mounted, the traversing slide lock lever is loosened enough to permit the gunner to swing the gun laterally.

Leaders must designate fn for lifting or shifting fires. This type of fire is highly desirable when engaging a column formation.

A PDF has the following characteristics: SDZs were developed primarily for ranges and must be complied with when training, but they should also be complied with in combat when possible to minimize risk to friendly forces. Fire is delivered in width, depth, or in a combination of the two.

Covering fires, especially those that provide fire superiority, allow maneuvering in the offense. The leader should describe it briefly. Repeats rate of fire command, keeps own count.

Also watches for friendly troops to the flanks of the target area or between the gun and the target. Normally, the gunner is exposed to two types of targets in the squad or platoon sector: The weapons squad leader must fully understand the mission the amount of available ammunition and the application of machine gun fire needed to fully support all key events of the mission.

A good FPL covers the maximum area with grazing fire. The presence of machine guns with security detachments augments their firepower to effectively delay, attack, and defend, by virtue of their inherent firepower.

Effect of Range on the Beaten Zone A These targets are normally presented to gun teams by the enemy and must be engaged as they are presented.