Wimsatt and Beardsley were New Critics: The Extreme Version. In two famous co -authored essays—”The Affective Fallacy” () and “The Intentional Fallacy”. In literary theory and aesthetics, authorial intent refers to an author’s intent as it is encoded in Wimsatt and Monroe Beardsley argue in their essay “The Intentional Fallacy” that “the design or intention of the author is neither available nor. The Intentional Fallacy, according to Wimsatt, derives from Wimsatt and Beardsley consider this strategy a fallacy partly.

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Such an formalist approach makes literary meaning accessible to any reader.


But this is not so. Being aware of how the word s work for an author may give the reader a better understanding of how the word s work in the text. When preparing a work for the press, an editor working along the principles outlined by Fredson Bowers and G. And one may observe: Authorial intention is of great practical concern to some textual critics. One demands that it work. Summary of Love bearrsley a F As a result, it is less accessible and less valuable. In general, they have argued that the author’s intent itself is immaterial and cannot be fully recovered.

Wimsatt was interviewed, along with Walter J. It entails many specific truths about inspiration, authenticity, biography, literary history and scholarship, and about some trends of contemporary poetry, especially its allusiveness.

Views Read Edit View history. Will you believe me? To make the geocentric and heliocentric antithesis the core of the metaphor is to disregard the English language, to prefer private evidence to public, external to internal.


Professor Ducasse does not say. Instead, the reader should use and rely upon his or her knowledge of linguistics beardslej literary elements to form a conclusion concerning the thematic focus and unity of the work.

Eliot’s “The Waste Land”.

It could also include historical information or background about the time period or culture when a piece of literature was produced. They believe that meanings are always meanings for people—albeit the relevant people, whether authors or readers.

For Wimsatt and Beardsley, intentional criticism becomes subjective criticism, and so ceases to intejtional criticism at all. Assumptions such as these are what W.

The following instance from the poetry of Eliot may serve to epitomize the practical implications of what we have been saying. And perhaps he is to be taken more seriously here, when off guard in a note, than when in his Norton Lectures he comments on the difficulty of saying what a poem means and adds playfully that he thinks of prefixing to a second edition of Ash Wednesday some lines from Don Juan: Poetry succeeds because all or most of what is said or implied is relevant; what is irrevelant has been excluded, like lumps from pudding and “bugs” from machinery.

This evidence is “about the character of an author or about private or semiprivate meanings attached to words or topics by an author” It is probably true that all this is beardsleey advice for poets. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

William K. Wimsatt

The poem may hold a private theme for Donne, but this personal quality should wiksatt constitute or delimit the public theme and meaning for the reader. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. VII, “The Practical Personality and the Poetical Personality,” and in his Defence of Poetry Oxford,24, and elsewhere, early and late, delivered telling attacks on emotive geneticism beards,ey, but the main drive of the Aesthet ic is surely toward a kind of cognitive intentionalism.


Critical inquiries are not settled by consulting the oracle.

There is 3 an intermediate kind of evidence about the character of the author or about private or semiprivate meanings attached to words or topics by an author or by a coterie of which he is a member. From The Verbal Icon: We argued that the design or intention of the author is neither available nor desirable as a standard for judging the success of a work of literary art, and it seems to us that this is a principle which goes deep into some differences in the ibtentional of critical attitudes.

In literary theory and aestheticsauthorial inntentional refers to an author ‘s intent as it is encoded in his or her work. Views Read Edit View history.

Yet there is danger of confusing personal and poetic studies; and there is the fault of writing the personal as if it were poetic.